The English Citizenship curriculum has been drawn up with little regard for the views and experiences of primary school children. Hilary Claire's research with 8-11 year-olds in inner city schools reveals knowledge and a sophisticated discourse that is often at variance with the official agenda. It also demonstrates the level of debate that is possible with young children. "Not Aliens" is designed to help teachers get to grips with Citizenship education, and is of interest to anyone concerned with comparative education.