The impact of Christian thought on the development of socialism in late-19th- and early-20th-century England is examined in this history of how politics and faith have clashed and worked together to precipitate social change. An objective analysis of life during this period reveals that, while socialism is often viewed as anti-Christian, the members of the trade unions and cooperatives that spearheaded this ideological movement were often Christians whose personal faith impacted their public politics. The historical context of this important societal development illuminates the persistent debate about the interrelationship of politics and faith.