The culture of the modern world is rooted in the legacy of fifth-century Greece. This golden age, which gave birth to a new tradition of government - democracy - that is still a model for the world today, also yielded unprecedented artistic creativity of a quality that has never been surpassed. This superbly produced volume accompanies a landmark exhibition celebrating the 2,500th anniversary of democracy, making it possible for Americans to experience this heritage through original works of classical Greek art, twenty-two of which have never been displayed outside Greece. Fifth-century Greek art and architecture reflected the perfection of the naturalistic image. The thirty-four classical works featured, all reproduced in full color in multiple views and accompanied by individual commentaries, represent the classical ideal of physical beauty equated with greatness of spirit. Types of sculpture include freestanding works dedicated as votive gifts in sanctuaries, large-scale marbles, small bronzes, a magnificent series of gravestones, and architectural decorations front four great temples of the period: the Temple of Aphaia on the island of Aegina, the Temple of Zeus at Olympia, the Parthenon on the Athenian Acropolis, and the temple believed to have been constructed at Eretria. The individual works include such icons of the period as The Kritios Boy, The Contemplative Athena, Cavalry from the Parthenon Frieze, and Nike (Victory) Unbinding Her Sandal. Seven leading scholars, led by guest curator Diana Buitron-Oliver, have contributed essays on the development of the classical style, the political background of the period, architecture, the human figure in classical art, bronze sculpture,and the contribution of drama to the political life of Athens. Noted Canadian novelist Robertson Davies writes on how these classical works of art speak to us today, and former New York Times correspondent Nicholas Gage provides a thoughtful introduction that places the works in