Memorial began as a group of dissidents who secretly met to exchange stories of Stalinist repression, make contacts, and collect whatever records they could obtain to establish historical truths about Soviet totalitarianism. In Victims of Soviet Terror, Nanci Adler records how Memorial grew from a suspect organization to a powerful human rights movement that collects and disseminates information about StalinisM's crimes and has established a monument to the millions persecuted by the K.G.B. across from the Lubyanka, the shrine of totalitarianism. Using Memorial's own documents, interviews with its founders and supporters, and Soviet and Western news accounts, Adler examines Memorial's functions as a historical society and political force, particularly its efforts to posthymously try Stalin and Stalinist leaders for crimes against the Soviet people.